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What is the difference between Unemployment Compensation (UC) and Unemployment Insurance (UI)?

These terms are interchangeable. In Pennsylvania, we typically use the term ‘Unemployment Compensation’ whereas at the federal level and in most other states they use the term ‘Unemployment Insurance.’

What are exhaustions?

Number of claimants drawing the final payment of their original entitlement for a given program.

What are first payments?

The first payment in a benefit year for a week of unemployment claimed under a specific program. This is used as a proxy for "beneficiaries" under a specific program.

What is a beneficiary?

A beneficiary is a UC claimant that has received at least one benefit payment within a specified period of time.

What are initial claims?

Any notice of unemployment filed

  1. to request a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for compensation or
  2. to begin a second or subsequent period of eligibility within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

What are weeks claimed/continued claims?

The number of weeks of benefits claimed, including weeks for which a waiting period or fixed disqualification period is being served.

What are weeks paid/weeks compensated?

The number of weeks claimed for which UI benefits are paid. Weeks compensated for partial unemployment are included. Interstate claims are counted in the paying state.

What types of employment are covered by the UC program?

In Pennsylvania, most employment is covered by the UC program. Exceptions include some agricultural and seasonal workers, persons who are self-employed, officers of a corporation, professional athletes, and persons who are incarcerated.  Civilian employees of the federal government are covered by the UCFE program, and ex-military personnel are covered by the UCX program.

What is UCFE?

The Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) Program is a federal program that provides UC benefits for eligible unemployed former federal civilian employees.

What is UCX?

The Unemployment Compensation for Ex-servicemembers (UCX) Program is a federal program that provides UC benefits to former members of the Armed Forces and the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

How long can someone collect UC benefits?

The duration of regular UC benefits in Pennsylvania varies from 18 to 26 weeks.  During periods of high unemployment, claimants may be eligible for extended benefits (EB) or emergency unemployment compensation (EUC).

What are extended benefits (EB)?

A temporary extension of unemployment benefits available to individuals who have exhausted their Regular UC benefits and any temporary EUC.

What is Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC)?

A temporary, federally-funded extension of unemployment benefits for those who have exhausted their Regular UC benefits.